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What is A Solar Water Pump? | How Does a Solar System Work?

Updated: Nov 29, 2022

Solar Water Pump

The operation of a solar-powered pump is more reliable. These pumps are low-maintenance and are easy to use. When compared to pumps driven by IC engines, solar pumps have a lesser environmental effect. The solar water pump is a great device for providing water to isolated regions that are both environmentally and socially beneficial.

As a result, it is always the most cost-effective technology. For water supply, remote locations often rely on diesel engines and human resources. Solar water pumps replace Electric pumps and provide many advantages, and are an efficient and sustainable source. These pumps are best used in reservoirs and irrigation systems.

Solar water pump price may vary greatly, ranging from Rs. 89,000 to 2,90,000, depending on the company and model you choose.

Working principle of solar water pump

PV (photovoltaic) systems capture radiant solar energy and convert it to electricity during the operation of a solar pump. This generated power for the entire system. The inverter in the solar water pumping system converts the direct current to alternating current, which is used to power the pump.

To provide the best PowerPoint tracking, these inverters alter the output frequency and voltage in real-time, reacting to variations in solar intensity. The water lifting system accomplishes the function of switching the municipal electricity that serves as supplementary energy for the water lifting system when the intensity of the sunlight decreases.

Solar-powered water pump types

There are many different types of solar pumps, but the most common ones are listed below:

1. Submersible Solar Pumps

Submersible pumps can raise to 650 feet of water and are suitable for use in deep wells. These pumps function directly to switch off batteries, solar panels, and in certain circumstances, power as long as the well water is more than 20 feet above the surface. When the sun shines, the water is generally pumped throughout the day and stored in tanks until needed. Because the sun cannot shine in poor weather, the water cannot be pumped. As a result, only suitable weather conditions should be used to keep the water.

These solar pumps are mostly used in deep water and in places where drilling is not possible. Animal watering, pond aeration, household water systems, irrigation, pressurization, and well pumping are all applications for these pumps. Pumping to a depth of 50 meters is the maximum depth advised.

2. Surface Solar Pumps

Pumps like this can be found in streams, storage tanks, shallow wells, and ponds. We utilize a surface solar water pump when the borehole water supply depth is less than 20 feet from the ground. They can't pump extremely high water from deep wells, but they can pump water up to 200 feet or more. These pumps can raise water from depths of up to 20 meters with ease.

3. DC Solar Pump

This pump is powered by a DC electric motor. As a result, this pump does not require a battery or an inverter.

4. AC Solar Pumps

This type of pump uses an electric motor that runs on alternating currents. The direct current of switchboard is transformed to an alternating current with the aid of an inverter. During the creation and usage of this converter, there may be power outages.

Solar water pump - advantages and disadvantages


  • Easy to install and use: The solar-powered water pump does not require a lot of effort for its installation.

  • Requires less maintenance: It requires less maintenance. Unlike the pumps driven by IC engines which require time to time repair, this solar water pump does not require regular maintenance.

  • Low operating cost: Once installed, no further charges. The only investment you need to make is in the installation, and there is nothing after that you need to spend on.

  • Works without fuel: Since it works with the help of solar energy, therefore does not require any fuel for working.

  • Easy to move: Unlike the traditional, bulky Water pump, these solar water pumps are light and can be easily moved.

  • Environment Friendly: As it does not require any fuel to work, it is, therefore, a completely environment-friendly product.


  • High price: No doubt, since it uses solar energy, it has a high price in installation.

  • Requires a water storage tank and battery: Cannot work without a water storage tank and a battery.

  • Affected by weather conditions: As it works with the help of solar energy, i.e., the sun, its performance is highly affected in the absence of the sun.

  • Variable yield: As mentioned above, the yield will be different at different times due to the weather changes.

Solar pump applications

The following are some of the most common uses for solar pumps:

  • These pumps are used to provide water for animals and irrigation systems, as well as to provide water for drinking and cooking.

  • These pumps can also be used to push fluids over great distances as booster pumps.

  • Solar pumps are used in the purification of water.

  • These are also used to extract oil and gas.

Bottom line

We talked about solar water pumps and their many additional features in this article. Finally, we get to the conclusion that these pumps are more efficient than regular pumps. In addition, these pumps are less expensive than regular pumps. Solar pumps are widely utilized across the world. Because of their low price and compatibility, these pumps are becoming increasingly popular. Even for agriculture, solar pumps for agriculture are available.

Waa Motors & Pumps provides excellent outputs for all of your demands and needs. So, what's keeping you from purcSolar Water Pumphasing the finest Electric Water Pump at the best price? Call us now at +91 9321668132 or send your queries at

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1 Comment

Francky  Kalombo
Francky Kalombo
Oct 11, 2023

Thanks for this informative article on Solar Borehole Pumps

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