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How to Choose the Best Solar Water Pump for Home

Updated: May 14


solar water pumps for home
solar water pumps for home

Solar water pumps have become an extremely popular option for homes looking to reduce electricity bills, access water in remote locations, or become more sustainable. With the Indian government offering subsidies and the cost of solar panels falling sharply, solar-powered water pumps make both economic and environmental sense. However, with so many types of solar pumps available today, it can get confusing to pick the right one for your home. This blog breaks down how to select the optimum solar water pumping system based on your requirements and budget.


Assessing Your Water Needs


The first step is calculating your daily water requirement to determine the capacity and power needed for your solar pump:

- Estimate your household and gardening water usage in liters per day 

- Factor in needs during the summer or dry months

- Consider whether you’ll need to run more than one application simultaneously  

- Allow for some buffer for future expansion or changes in need


This will give you the minimum pump capacity you need. Many solar water pumps can deliver over 100,000 liters per day sustainably.


Type of Solar Water Pump


Broadly, there are two main types – direct current (DC) solar pumps and alternating current (AC) solar pumps.  

DC pumps are coupled with solar panels and do not need batteries. They start working as soon as sunlight is available but have limited head and discharge capacity. These are good for applications like gardens, smaller households, or farms.

AC pumps can deliver much higher volumes of water. They run on solar power that’s stored in batteries. This allows them to operate day and night. They are ideal for larger requirements.


Within these, there are submersible pumps, surface pumps, and floating pumps. Submersible models are the most efficient.


Sizing Your Solar Water Pump System


Once you select the broad pump type, the solar PV system needs to be sized correctly to power your pump and optimize efficiency:

- Calculate the wattage needed for your water discharge and head requirements

- For AC pumps, add wattage for the battery bank to run the pump for days without sunlight if needed

- Select appropriate capacity solar panels, batteries, chargers, and cables for sustained operation 

Many sizing tools are available online for easy calculation. Over-sizing solar panels and under-sizing batteries should be avoided.

 

Budget Considerations

 

DC solar pumps, along with panels and accessories, start at around ₹35,000 and go upwards of ₹100,000 for larger capacities. 

AC solar pumps start at approximately ₹200,000 and go up to ₹700,000+ for higher discharge volumes. However, many states provide a 40% to 60% subsidy on solar pumps. Some governments offer interest-free loans as well.

 

Operation and Maintenance


Modern solar pumps practically run themselves. Maintenance is minimal - mostly checking water leakage, pipe blockages, panel cleanliness, etc. Most pumps come with a 5 years or longer product warranty. Life expectancy is over 15+ years.

Many manufacturers also provide AMC packages for complete peace of mind. With minimal moving parts and external dependencies, solar pumps prove to be a robust and reliable water supply solution.


As we move further into the 21st century, solar energy is fast emerging as the ultimate way to meet our water and power needs sustainably. The last decade has seen tremendous advancements in solar PV technology as well as battery storage solutions. Costs have declined sharply even as efficiency has improved. Combined with supportive government policies and environmental concerns, solar pumps are a win-win for every home and application.


Recent research predicts the solar water pump market in India will grow at a staggering 25% CAGR until 2026. In fact, solar energy overall is expected to dominate new power capacity additions for the next 5 years. Falling prices of PV modules from China as well as locally manufactured panels have been an impetus. The pumping segment in particular has become highly reliable with precision DC and AC motor pump sets.


Solar pumps are also getting “smarter” with intuitive interfaces and apps that allow remote monitoring and control. IoT-enabled systems collect performance data to help predict maintenance and even guide upgrades.


For a country like India with abundant sunlight, solar pumping for meeting irrigation and drinking water needs is common sense, be it in tiny villages or large townships. Solar energy security helps insulate from vagaries like power cuts or diesel price fluctuations. Going forward, the case for solar water pumping systems will be too compelling to ignore for any water stakeholder. Truly, the sun is the ultimate solution for our water needs!

 So don't get left behind. Embrace the power of the sun and secure your home or farm's water supply the smart way!

 

Conclusion


Solar-powered water pumps offer an economical, sustainable, and low-maintenance method of meeting household and agricultural water needs. By rightly sizing the system based on requirements, usage patterns, and subsidies, one can benefit from free and reliable water for decades.


As leaders in solar solutions, Waaree offers specialized assistance across India, from site evaluation to customized system design to installation to after-sales support. With Waaree solar pumps, you get maximum value.

 

 

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