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Solar water pumps are a cost-effective and eco-friendly solution for irrigation and water supply in India. The price of a solar water pump depends on various factors such as the technology used, capacity, and features. In this blog, we will discuss the different types of solar water pumps available in the Indian market, their prices, and the subsidies offered by the government to promote the use of solar water pumps.
First, let's discuss the different types of solar water pumps available in the market. There are three main types of solar water pumps: surface pumps, submersible pumps, and floating pumps. Surface pumps are installed above the ground and are used for shallow wells and open water sources. Submersible pumps are installed below the ground and are used for deep wells and boreholes. Floating pumps are used for open water sources such as ponds and lakes.
The prices of solar water pumps vary depending on the technology used, capacity, and features. On average, the cost of a surface solar water pump ranges from Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 2.5 lakhs. The cost of a submersible solar water pump ranges from Rs. 1.5 lakhs to Rs. 3.5 lakhs. The cost of a floating solar water pump ranges from Rs. 3 lakhs to Rs. 10 lakhs.
The government of India provides subsidies to promote the use of solar water pumps. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) provides a subsidy of 30% to farmers and 50% to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) farmers for the installation of solar water pumps. The subsidy is provided for the purchase and installation of solar water pumps up to 2 HP for irrigation and drinking water supply.
In addition to the subsidies provided by the government, several state governments also provide subsidies for the installation of solar water pumps. For example, the government of Maharashtra provides a subsidy of 50% for the installation of solar water pumps up to 2 HP for irrigation and drinking water supply. The government of Gujarat provides a subsidy of 30% for the installation of solar water pumps up to 5 HP for irrigation and drinking water supply.
How Solar Pump Works?
A solar pump is a device that uses solar energy to power a water pump. It is typically made up of three main components: the solar panels, the controller, and the pump.
Solar Panels: The solar panels convert sunlight into electricity, which is then used to power the pump. The number of panels needed depends on the size of the pump and the amount of water that needs to be pumped.
Controller: The controller regulates the electricity from the solar panels and ensures that the correct amount of power is sent to the pump. It also has safety features to protect the pump from damage.
Pump: The pump is the mechanical device that actually moves the water. It is connected to the controller and is powered by the electricity from the solar panels.
When sunlight hits the solar panels, the panels convert the energy into electricity, which is then sent to the controller. The controller regulates the electricity and sends the correct amount to the pump. The pump then uses this electricity to move the water, either from a well or other water source, to the desired location.
Have you read: What is A Solar Water Pump? | How Does a Solar System Work?
What are the types of solar water pumps?
Surface Solar Water Pump:
These pumps are installed on the surface of the water source and are powered by solar panels mounted on a nearby structure or on the pump itself. They are typically used for shallow water sources and are suitable for irrigation, livestock watering, and small scale domestic use.
These pumps are installed underwater and are powered by solar panels located on the surface. They are typically used for deep wells, boreholes, and other underground water sources. They are ideal for irrigation, domestic use, and livestock watering.
Direct-drive Solar Water Pump:
These pumps are powered directly by solar panels and do not require any external power source. They are typically used for small scale irrigation, domestic use, and livestock watering.
Hybrid Solar Water Pump:
These pumps are powered by both solar panels and a backup generator. They are ideal for locations where sunlight is limited or unreliable. They are typically used for irrigation, domestic use, and livestock watering.
DC Solar Water Pump:
These pumps are powered by direct current (DC) and are typically used for small scale irrigation, domestic use, and livestock watering. They are ideal for locations where AC power is not available.
AC Solar Water Pump:
These pumps are powered by alternating current (AC) and are typically used for large scale irrigation, industrial use, and municipal water supply. They are ideal for locations where AC power is readily available.
What is the Subsidy on Solar Water Pump in India?
In India, the subsidy on solar water pumps is provided by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) through various schemes. The subsidy for solar water pumps ranges from 30% to 70% of the total cost of the project, depending on the location and type of pump.
Some of the popular schemes are:
KUSUM (Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan) - https://mnre.gov.in/scheme/kusum/
This scheme provides financial assistance for setting up solar water pumping systems for irrigation, drinking water, and other purposes.
Suryashakti Kisan Yojana (SKY) - https://mnre.gov.in/scheme/suryashakti-kisan-yojana-sky/
This scheme aims to provide financial assistance to farmers for setting up grid-connected solar water pumping systems.
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM) - https://mnre.gov.in/scheme/pradhan-mantri-kisan-urja-suraksha-evam-utthaan-mahabhiyan-pm-kusum/
This scheme aims to provide financial assistance to farmers for setting up solar water pumping systems, solar-based micro-irrigation systems, and other renewable energy projects.
Grid Connected Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic (GRPV) Systems - https://mnre.gov.in/scheme/grid-connected-rooftop-solar-photovoltaic-grpv-systems/
This scheme provides financial assistance for the installation of grid-connected rooftop solar water pumping systems.
The subsidy amount varies based on the scheme and the type of solar water pump system being installed. It is advisable to check the latest guidelines and subsidy rates on the official MNRE website (https://mnre.gov.in) before applying for the subsidy.
Read in Detail: PM Kusum Yojana (Scheme): Objectives, Components & Benefits
Solar Water Pumps: Pros and Cons.
Cost-effective in the long run
High initial cost
Eco-friendly and renewable energy source
Dependent on weather conditions
Low maintenance costs
Can be affected by shading or debris
Suitable for remote areas without electricity
May not be suitable for high-volume water needs
Can be used in conjunction with other solar energy systems
Limited pumping capacity during low sunlight
Some Prices for Solar Water Pump in India as Below:
Note: The prices mentioned above are approximate and may vary based on the model and location. It is always recommended to check with the local dealers for the latest prices.
FAQs - Solar Water Pump
1. Does solar PV pump are more expensive than normal water pumps?
Solar PV pumps can be more expensive initially, but the savings on electricity costs over time can offset the higher upfront cost.
2. Is it possible t relocate the solar pump after installing it?
It is possible to relocate a solar pump, but it may require additional installation costs and professional assistance.
3. How many solar panels are needed to operate a 1 HP water pump?
The number of solar panels needed to operate a 1 HP water pump will vary based on
factors such as location, system efficiency, and panel size. A professional assessment would be needed to determine the exact number of panels required.
How Waa Motors can help?
Waa Motors and Pumps is a subsidiary of the Waaree Group that aims to manufacture high-quality solar and electric water pumps for a variety of applications such as residential, agriculture,and so on.They produce ELECTRICAL (Self-priming pumps,Borewell submersible pumps, Operwell Electric Pumps, Surface electrical pumps, Openwell Electric Pumps, Borewell Submersible pumps) and SOLAR pumps (Surface Solar Pumps,and Borewell Submersible pumps).Contact us at +91-9321668132 or firstname.lastname@example.org to begin your cleaner journey.